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dc.contributor.authorKLEIN, Evandro L.
dc.contributor.authorHARRIS, Chris
dc.contributor.authorANDRÉ, Giret
dc.contributor.authorMOURA, Candido, A. V.
dc.contributor.authorANGÉLICA, Rômulo S.
dc.identifier.citationKLEIN, Evandro L; HARRIS, Chris; ANDRÉ, Giret; MOURA, Candido, A. V; ANGÉLICA, Rômulo S. Geology and stable isotope (O, H, C, S) constraints on the genesis of the Cachoeira gold deposit, Gurupi Belt, northern Brazil. Chemical Geology, , v.221, n., p.188–206, .
dc.description.abstractThe Cachoeira gold deposit is one of several large (N20 tonnes Au), shear-zone hosted hydrothermal gold deposits of the Proterozoic Gurupi Belt in northern Brazil. O, H, C, and S isotope compositions of carbonate, silicate, and sulfide minerals, and|from graphite and inclusion fluids from this deposit have been measured in order to infer the composition of ore-forming fluids. The data show small variation at the deposit scale, irrespective of host rock. Calculated y18O values of H2O in the fluid in|equilibrium with quartz, hydrous silicates and carbonates are, respectively, +6.2 to +12.4x, +5.0 to +9.0x, and +5.9 to +11.0x (SMOW). The yDH2O of inclusion fluids is 22x, whereas values for chlorite and white mica are 16x and 20 to 28x (SMOW), respectively. These values are compatible with a metamorphic origin, which is in agreement with the postmetamorphic timing of the mineralization. The calculated y13C value of CO2 of the fluid in equilibrium with the carbonates is|from 9.5x to 12.7x (PDB), whereas the graphite-bearing host rocks have y13C value of graphite carbon of 29.7x. The calculated y34S of H2S of the fluid varies mainly between +0.7x and +5.5x(CDT), and is interpreted as reflecting a magmatic or average crustal source for sulfur. The restricted isotopic compositions indicate a relatively homogeneous fluid and deposition under restricted temperature conditions. Nonetheless, a relatively wide temperature range of 272–383 8C is estimated for the ore-bearing fluid using the quartz–dolomite oxygen isotope thermometer. Collectively, the data indicate that gold was transported as a reduced sulfur complex, by a metamorphic fluid having a near neutral pH, at relatively low CO2. Furthermore,|the data suggest that gold was deposited during the structural evolution of the associated shear zone probably as a result of sulfidation and carbonatization reactions with the Fe- and C-rich host rocks, which resulted in changes of the pH and in the redox state of the ore fluid
dc.titleGeology and stable isotope (O, H, C, S) constraints on the genesis of the Cachoeira gold deposit, Gurupi Belt, northern Brazil
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